Crónica de una muerte anunciada

ISBN: 1400034957
ISBN 13: 9781400034956
By: Gabriel Garcí­a Márquez

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About this book

Sin duda, una de las novelas en las que García Márquez demuestra todo su talento en la narración y, especialmente, en la descripción. Es la historia de un hombre que va a ser asesinado, y a diferencia del resto del pueblo, él no lo sabe. Más allá de la originalidad de la historia está el talento del autor, que lo lleva a uno a meterse por completo en el libro.

Reader's Thoughts

Evan Leach

This short and well-written novella tells the story of Santiago Nasar’s brutal murder (the victim’s fate is laid out in the first sentence, so this is not exactly a spoiler). Set 27 years after the crime, the narrator returns to the backwater Caribbean town he grew up in to investigate Nasar’s death. The story of the murder and the events that led up to it is told in a non-linear fashion, and raises as many questions as it does answers. Ultimately, the killing of Nasar indicts not only the murderers, but the community and the entire culture. This is a lean 120 pages, so I’ll keep this review brief. Marquez does a great job of bringing this isolated Columbian town to life, along with its cane-liquor guzzling, devoutly religious, deeply flawed inhabitants. The prose is top-shelf, and the dialogue sparkles. Marquez is famous for his use of magical realism, but this book is much more grounded in reality than One Hundred Years of Solitude. That book is one of my all-time favorites, and while Chronicle was not quite as good, I really enjoyed it and would recommend it to Marquez fans. Apparently this book was partly inspired by Franz Kafka. I haven’t read much Kafka, so I can’t compare this to his work, but Chronicle did remind me of another novella about senseless tragedy: Of Mice and Men. The structure and style of this book are less conventional than Steinbeck’s, but both works touch some of the same notes. This strange little story is presented simply, in journalistic fashion, but I have a feeling this is the kind of book that will percolate in my head for a while. 4 stars, recommended.

Daniel Clausen

I won't write my usual lengthy review for this book. Don't let the four star review fool you--I liked the book. And I think it's a good introduction to Marquez's work for the simple reason that it's a lot shorter and the language is a lot more accessible than 100 Years of Solitude. For these reasons, though, it also fails to reach the heights of 100 years of Solitude (a book I hope to read again either this year or next). For some reason, this passage from the book stayed with me: "Much later, during an uncertain period when I was trying to understand something of myself by selling encyclopedias and medical books in the towns of Guajira, by chance I got as far as that Indian death village. At the window of a house that faced the sea, embroidering by machine during the hottest hour of the day, was a woman half in mourning, with steel-rimmed glasses and yellowish gray hair, and hanging above her head was a cage with a canary that didn't stop singing. When I saw her like that in the idyllic frame of the window, I refused to believe that the woman there was the one I thought, because I couldn't bring myself to admit that life would end up resembling bad literature so much. But it was she: Angela Vicario, twenty-three years after the drama." (page 89). Perhaps I liked it because it seems that every time in my life has the "uncertain period" feel to it. I also liked the sentiment that life so often resembles bad literature. I will be honest, often I find that life doesn't necessarily resemble bad literature so much that people try to fit it in the boxes of bad television dramas. Bad literature would be an improvement from the cliches of television. In any event, I write this review in an uncertain period when I am trying to understand something about myself by writing reviews about books I should have read a long time ago.

بثينة العيسى

تبدأ الرواية ببساطة فادحة.فالموت معلن، وحتمي، ولكن أحدا لا يفعل شيئا لكي يوقفه.الرواية تفضح بشكل رائع البساطة المخيفة التي يتم بها القتل في هذا العالم.

Carmo Santos

" No dia em que iam matá-lo, Santiago Nazar levantou-se às 5 e 30 da manhã para esperar o barco em que chegava o bispo."Imaginemos uma vila colombiana, isolada, cujos habitantes são dotados de uma mentalidade primitiva e preconceituosa. Imaginemos um casamento capaz de revolucionar a vida de toda a população, um noivo de sonho bonito e rico, uma noiva virgem que em vez de ser não o era, e como tal é devolvida ao lar paterno qual bagagem danificada. Este é o naipe que serve de ponto de partida para Gabriel García Márques baralhar e voltar a dar, criando um quebra cabeças cujas peças se movem ao seu próprio ritmo.Num lugarejo em que a honra era o valor supremo, uma vez perdida, só o sangue do causador da infâmia poderia repor a dignidade familiar. Sequiosos de justiça, os irmãos devidamente munidos de facas de estripar porcos, anunciam aos quatro ventos a intensão da vingança. A partir daqui GGM leva-nos por um labirinto de coincidências sinistras que se vão acumulando e terminam num desfecho fatal. Quem gritou não foi ouvido, quem avisou não foi levado a sério quem escreveu não foi lido. Outro autor ter-nos-ia feito a vontade, os gritos teriam sido ouvidos, os avisos levados em conta, o bilhete devidamente lido e o prenuncio do 1º parágrafo não faria sentido. Mas isso faria deste livro, um livro comum, e comum não é palavra para adjectivar as obras de García Márques.E ainda bem que assim é.GGM tem o dom de potenciar emoções, de forma bem detalhada traz a lume os comportamentos mais básicos: primeiro a negligência, depois o remorso e o perdão, sem nunca deixar de fazer humor mesmo no meio da maior tragédia.Esta foi a primeira obra que li deste autor e foi o suficiente para me deixar a firme convicção de que GGM seria, para sempre, o meu escritor favorito.


What would you do if everyone around you knew you were going to be killed but were doing nothing to stop this? For me, more than paranoia and terror would rake my mind. This is the premise of CHRONICLE OF A DEATH FORETOLD. The whole village knows that Santiago Naser is going to die by the hands of his wife's brothers. Their reason for killing him is simple: they believe he is to blame for their sister being returned after her marriage to a wealthy foreigner because she is not a virgin. As the story unfolds, and more and more people hear of the nefarious plans the brothers have to kill Santiago, the reader is brought into a world of magical realism by one of the masters. Gabriel Garcia Marquez is stupendous when mixing reality and what the reader perceives to be reality. There is also a wonderful romance encased in this murder story. When the murder does take place, the reader is left with a ghostly sensation of wondering if the brothers really wanted to kill Santiago, or if they had to kill him because the citizens of the town had come to expect them to kill him.HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

Tareq Fares

ساحر هذا الماركيز لم أقرأء له رواية من قبل الا وأنا أتمنى أن اقابله فقط لاعرف كيف يفكر وكيف يكتب ...هذه الرواية عن قصة جريمة قتل تحدث بسبب اتهام سنتياغو نصار بانه متسبب في فقدان عذرية العروس أنخيلا فيكاريو ... عندما كان أخوة أنخيلا يبحثان عن سنتياغو كان معظم من في القرية يعرفون بنواياهم بما فيهم المطران والعمدة وكان الكثير من الناس يترقبون حدوث الجريمة . ورغم انك كقارئ تعرف من بداية الرواية بما سيحدث لسنتياغو نصار الا انك تستمر في قراءة الاحداث والتعرف على الشخصيات وهذا هو سحر ماركيز. فالجريمة معلنة لك كما لأهل القرية وما سيحدث بعدها معلن لك ولكن تستمر في القراءة لمعرفة المزيد :) اشعر بانه علي ان انهي جميع روايات ماركيز هذا العام ليكن عام ٢٠١٢ بالنسبة لي هو عام غابريل غارسيا ماركيز :)

mai ahmd

...أعتقد أني قرأت في مكان ما ربما في ذاكرة ماركيز عشتُ لأروي عن أن هذه الرواية كتبت عن جريمة حدثت في بلدته الصغيرة وما أوقعني في سحر ماركيز من جديد علما بأني لم أخرج منه حتى الآن خاصة بعد أُخذتُ بمائة عام من العزلة هذه التفاصيل التي يغرق فيها وهو يصف الأحداث على لسان راوي من عائلة القتيل ويحكي فيها قصة شاب من أصول عربية و يدعى (سنتياغو نصار) كان يعيش فيها وحيداً مع والدته في مزرعة وقد قتل بطريقة وحشية بسكاكين لذبح الخنازير على يد أخوين توأمين بسبب الإتهام الذي وجهته شقيقتهم أنجيلا لسانتياغو حيث تبين لزوجها في ليلة عرسها بأنها غير عذراء وأنه هو من ارتكب هذا الفعل , ليس في الأمر جريمة فقط ولكن كل أحداث الرواية تشير إلى الجريمة كان معلن عنها قبل أن تحدث وأن أغلب أهالي القرية كانوا يعرفون بأن الأخوين كانت لديهما النية بالقتل وكانا قدأعلنا ذلك للغادي والرائح ويصر ماركيز على أنهما كانا ربما ينتظران من يمنعهما عن هذا الفعل غير أن الجهود التي بذلت لمنع الجريمة لم تكن ذا شأن فلم يؤخذ الأمر بجدية ولم تكن هناك أية جهود جادة لدفع الجريمة !كان ماركيز يتلاعب بمهارة بالقارىء فهو في الوقت الذي يثير فيه الشكوك بأن سانتياغو كان بريئا من التهمة التي ألقتها أنجيلا وأصرت عليها في محضر التحقيق إلا أنه لم يكن هناك أي دليل على وجود علاقة بين الطرفين وعلى هذا الأساس أنت لا تستطيع سوى أن تشعر بالشفقة على هذه الضحية التي راحت نتيجة اللامبالاة والإتكال والتهمة الجائرة !ولكن لن يتركك ماركيز إلا وهو يطرح احتمالا آخر لماذا لا يكون سانتياغو هو من تسبب في هدم سعادة أنجيلا زوجة اليوم الواحد التي أعادها زوجها حين اكتشف أنها ليست عذراء ومن خلال مشهد لا يتعدى سطورا قليلا وهو يصف الأحداث التي جرت قبل الجريمة حين التقى بخطيبته فلورا وقالت له :خذ، وعسى أن يقتلاك ! يتقافز الإحتمال الثاني إلى ذهنك لأن ذلك يعني أن فلورا اكتشفت ماقام به سانتياغو مع أنجيلا فرمت له رسائله وأقفلت الباب في وجهه !وهكذا كل أحداث الرواية تصف كيف كانت كل الأمور تسير ضد سانتياغو حتى والدته أغلقت الباب قبل أن تحدث الجريمة بدقائق بسيطة ظنا منها أن ابنها في البيت بينما كان هو يتلقى الطعنة تلو الأخرى أمام الباب :(أن حبكة الرواية التي استقت تفاصيلها من حادثة حقيقة لا يمكن إلا أن توصف بالبراعة والذكاء الحرفي وما أثر بي حقيقة مشهد القتل الذي قاما به التوأمين والذي سيبقى مطولا في ذاكرتي فمنذ أنهيت الرواية وأنا أتخيل السكاكين وهي تقطع أحشاء سانتياغو وأراه وهو يحملها إلى بيته ويسقط قتيلا في مطبخه , إن براعة الرواي هي التي تبقي تفاصيل الحكاية ماثلة أمام ذهنك لوقتٍ طويل .الرواية بالنسبة لي كانت ممتعة جدا


While he is certainly a giant among writers, Marquez is also a master story-teller. This gift roars to the forefront of the enjoyments found in his novella, Chronicle of a Death Foretold. The story itself is simply described: a man is killed by two brothers acting in defense of their sister's honor, while an entire village does nothing to stop the murder. Told in a rather journalistic voice, Marquez's narrative hops back and forth in time as it captures the memories and thoughts of the populace and key players. Despite the tone, the story never bores, never meanders, never loses the momentum established in its first sentence: "On the day they were going to kill him, Santiago Nasar got up at five-thirty in the morning to wait for the boat the bishop was coming on" (1).What could have been a cold, numb little story becomes, in the voice of Marquez, a fascinating account of an entire village and its complicity in a senseless murder. There are questions left unanswered; indeed, Santiago's role in the deed that gets him killed is never established. The narrator, who is never named, is more interested in how the murder was allowed to happen than in the murder itself-- although the murder is described in grisly detail. Marquez is more concerned with the "why", as opposed to the "how".The town itself is composed of characters that, again, through Marquez's talent, come across as more than thumbnail sketches. This is vital as it adds an important sense of gravitas to the matter. My only prior experience with Marquez was in reading One Hundred Years of Solitude, which I believe is a great, great novel. I've been told that Chronicle is not a typical Marquez story, but I'm in no position to concur or rebut that notion. What i do know is that this novella is also great. I look forward to reading more of Marquez's work.


آمن الجميع بحماقة هيتشكوك أحد أهم المخرجين السينمائيين في العالم عندما قرر أن يقتل بطلة فيلمه الجديد بعد عشرين دقيقة و لم يحُل بينه و بين ذلك رفض شركة الإنتاج تمويل فيلمه الشهير " سايكو " الذي حقق نجاحاً عظيماً فيما بعد - إن لم يعدّ أكثر أفلامه نجاحاً -. ماركيز ضارباً بالتشويق عرض الحائط يكتب بالسطر الأول نهاية روايته التي يقول عنوانها كل شيء تقريباً. بل يكرر ذلك في مقاطع أخرى بشيء من الاستفزاز. سانتياغو نصار المنحدر من أصول عربية يلقى مصرعه بأبشع ما يمكن حيث يتم تقطيعه إرباً بسكاكين خاصة بقتل الخنازير على يد الأخوين فيكاريو - بداعي الشرف - فالأخت التي عادت صبيحة اليوم التالي لزواجها المهيب و الذي كان الزواج الأشهر في القرية لم تكن عذراء. و بتحريض من خمر القصب و الحنق يخرج الأخوان بسكاكينهم الخاصة ليعلنوا للجميع بما في ذلك العمدة و الكولونيل و الكاهن و بقية أفراد القرية عن نية القتل. البعض لا يؤمن بقدرتهم على ذلك و البعض الآخر يعتقد أن لا حاجة لتحذيره فلم يحدث أن قُتِل أحدهم بهذه الدعايات الخرقاء. بينما تصمت البقية بكل لامبالاة و سلبية. حتى الكولونيل بكل وداعة قام بتجريدهم من أسلحتهم و صرفهم للنوم عندما التقى بهم قبيل حدوث الفاجعة بساعتين. عندما يقتلونه لاحقاً سنجدهما يركضان إلى الكنيسة للاعتراف ببرائتهما و بجريمة القتل أيضاً. ليس لدافع الشرف فقط بل لأنهما قد أخبرا الجميع و لم يثنهما أحد عن فعلتهما تلك! بكل كانا قد نصبا كمينهما في المكان الذي يمكَن الجميع من رؤيتهما و ياللسخرية فهو نفس المكان الذي من المستبعد جداً أن يسلك سنتياغو الطريق المؤدي إليه. و ماركيز إذ يتسائل عن القدر و مصير الإنسان و عاقبة أعماله لن يمنحك الفرصة حتى لتطمئن إلى أن سنتياغو نصار هو من هتك عذريتها. في الرواية يلقى اللوم بالكامل على المجتمع و يدين تصاعد العنف البشري و الوحشية التي لا يكف الإنسان عن تطويرها. استغرقت كتابة هذه الرواية ثلاثة عقود! لا، لم يكن يكتبها طوال تلك الفترة. بل كان يحملها في جنبه فسنتياغو ليس سوى كيتانو خينتلي صديق ماركيز المقرب! و الأخوين فيكاريو هما في الحقيقة تشيكا! و قد توسلت والدة ماركيز أن لا يدوّن هذه الأحداث في روايته و قد أطاعها حتى قضت أغلب الشخصيات الحقيقية نحبها - و إن تقدم عليه أحدهم بدعوى خاسرة في المحاكم الكولومبية مطالباً بتعويض لا يقل عن نصف مليون دولار -. فالرواية في طبعتها الأولى تجاوزت مليونين نسخة في رقم قياسي و فريد من نوعه. الراوي هو ماركيز و إن لم يصرّح بذلك يكفي أن نتذكر أن والدة الراوي تحمل اسم والدته كما سنجد ميرثيدس زوجته و أخته المفضلة مارغوت و أخويه أيضاً.رواية عبقرية تزيد عن المئة صفحة و ما لا يمكنني نسيانه أبداً هو مشهد سنتياغو نصار حين تأتيه الأصوات تدعوه للحذر من كل جانب و هو يمضي بكل عزم نحو الفاجعة.

Paula Malozowski

Gabriel Garcia Marquez has written two wonderful books: Love in the Time of Cholera and 100 Years of Solitude. All of his other books, in my opinion are an amalgam of these two wonderful books. If you've read those two, you're good to go.


I own about 70 copies of illegally-photocopied versions of this book so I can use it with my students in class. And unlike most books I teach, I read this one every year.Why? 'Cuz it's an unbelievable text.I firmly believe that Santiago Nasar is one of literature's greatest Christ-figures. Many of Garcia's books have Christ-figures, of course, but Santiago is Jesus with a twist. When the book starts, Santiago is portrayed as a bad man who is wasteful and immoral and violent. When he is fingered for taking the virginity of a non-whore, any reader would believe in his guilt.But by the end of the book, it is obvious that Santiago did not commit the crime (Garcia hides the line where this is stated unequivocally, but it is there). But he is killed nonetheless (multiple times, actually) and the entire town, who did not stop the attack on Santiago, feels guilty for their inaction for the next twenty years.It's such a brilliant idea that is told so exquisitely, that I can't think of a better sub-100 page book to read over a two day period. And my students can't, either, as I have never had a disappointed student. Ever.

Knar Avetisyan

“There had never been a death so foretold.” This story I’ve read just in 4 hours. It is written perfectly. Márquez, whom I haven’t read before showed me a different world of different people with different values. I accused them, I was ashamed because of them, I felt sorry for them, I was in love with the victim – Santiago, who “was healthier than the rest of us, but when you listened with the stethoscope you could hear the tears bubbling inside his heart.” A novella in the genre of contemporary-prose “Chronicle of a Death Foretold” by Gabriel García Márquez published in 1981. The magical realistic story is written in narrative form and it is a story reconstruction in Chronological form told many years after the tragedy, by journalist that lived at that town at that times. The story lines with the lives of the other citizens, friends, relatives, guiltys and innocents. Gabriel García Márquez repeatedly uses strange, surreal details to highlight otherwise ordinary events. One instance of this is his description of the local brothel, which sounds so nice that the reader at first has trouble discerning what exactly Maria Alejandrina Cervantes does - though she is a whore, the description of her house is so beautiful that if one were to gloss over the description, they might perceive her house as an elegant domicile.The novel's style is itself a ritual repetition of the events surrounding a crime. It does not follow a traditional narrative arc, but rather is told for the cathartic value of the act of telling. The only thing we gain from reading the story is the same limited knowledge of the occurrence that is available to the narrator. In this sense, the novel can be seen as a mere ritual of investigation as an end in itself with no other results or discoveries.The story begins with the Santiago's morning - the morning, when the Bishop plans to come by boat to bless the marriage of Angela Vicario and Bayardo San Roman. His blessings, as we got later, will be of no use. As the town prepares for the Bishop's arrival, Angela's twin brothers Pedro and Pablo sit in the local milk shop watching for Santiago so that they may carry out their plans to murder him. Reading this part I was at a loss on what was happening. Why this poor rich boy was killed? Why no-one did nothing to help him? Why the murders were so cruel? It was one of the worst murders I have ever read about. According to that people, it is an ordinary thing to kill somebody if he deprived of virginity a young girl, just like that, without any evidence that right he did that and being sure that it is true. I wonder how angry and mindless the people can be. Maybe it's about me, maybe I value the human's life too much, but I really think that killing is an unacceptable thing. In the culture of the Colombian town in which the narrative takes place, honor is taken very seriously. Nobody in the novel ever questions any action that is taken to preserve someone's honor, since it is commonly believed to be a fundamental moral trait that is vital to keep intact. A person without honor is an outcast in the community.I hated the Vicario family. Anngela I hated most of all. Her words became the reason for this tragedy, she was the one who cut Santiago like an animal, gutted his gut, there was no whole organ and his insides were falling out of him while he fled from the words, which made these guys monsters. That was she how killed him right in front of his home. Poor, stupid Anngel. This book will made you hate the community that you live in. Everyone knew what they were going to do – to kill Santiago. But they just watched the show. It was a performance to them. No one made a real an attempt to keep him away, to save his life. Her inexplicable obsession with Bayardo San Roman takes the form of a ritual: she begins writing letters to him, and it becomes a weekly habit of hers for seventeen years. The fact that he ultimately returns to her is no stranger than the act of writing a letter a week to someone who does not respond. Because he does come back to her, Angela Vicario triumphs in a sense-she has found the resolution she desired in her life. However, the conclusion of her love affair with Bayardo does not shed any light on the murder of Santiago Nasar-in terms of him, she would never say anything save to name him as the one who took her virginity. Though she seems like an honest person, it is difficult to tell whether she would have been willing to reveal the name of the man who truly took her virginity, especially if she still had feelings for him.Gabriel Jose de la Concordia Garcia Marquez was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist. Garcic Marquez, familiarly known as "Gabo" in his native country, was considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century. In 1982, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature.


** spoiler alert ** This was an incredibly painful book to read. Basically it tells the story of how a guy is killed, but the story is told OVER and OVER from like 15 points of view. This wouldn't be a problem, if each story added something completely different to the story. But it doesn't, so it's like hearing the same story 15 times. The narratives were also blander than water, if that's even possible, which made each word read feel like a dagger stabbing me in the eye. The only thing that even got me to finish the book was because I wanted to know why the guy was killed and because I was assigned this book for a class. What's even worse is that I got to the end and they don't tell you why he was killed! What a waste of time! Marquez makes you suffer through a poorly written book, and then you don't get the satisfaction of an ending!

John Molina

I loved this book. This was the first book I have ever read from Marquez and he showed me how a master truly works. This novella does not lack in any facet's, it has a great story, memorable characters and some of the most magnificent prose I have ever had the pleasure to experience. Marquez weaves an amazing web of a story connecting all of a town's mistake into an undeniable tragedy. Masterfully written. 9.9/10


After reading One Hundred Years of Solitude, it's been really hard for me to appreciate other books by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.I've sat on the river boat with Florentino Ariza, and I was unmoved by his quest for love. I've been a voyeur to the old bachelor who buys himself a fourteen-year old virgin on his 90th birthday. I was mildly disgusted. However, "Chronicle of a Death Foretold", this I like. I really, really like. For people that haven't read GGM, this would be a good place to start. It's a slim read (my copy is only 143 pages), and it gives you a taste of what his other books are like. For people that have complained about Marquez being too wordy, this is the book for you. The prose is descriptive, but far from being purple.The story is about the murder of Santiago Nasir. Although his death was foretold by everybody in his town, nobody does anything to stop the attack from happening. Marquez is a master at story-telling. Even though the same story is being told throughout the book by many different characters, their individual accounts of the crime just draws you into the book even more. Again, Marquez brings the magical into the mundane. There aren't any shortages of ghosts or pyschic dreams in this one.

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