Foundation’s Edge

ISBN: 0246120126
ISBN 13: 9780246120120
By: Isaac Asimov

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About this book

At last, the costly and bitter war between the two Foundations had come to an end. The scientists of the First Foundation had proved victorious; and now they return to Hari Seldon's long-established plan to build a new Empire on the ruins of the old. But rumors persist that the Second Foundation is not destroyed after all & that its still-defiant survivors are preparing their revenge. Now two exiled citizens of the Foundation, a renegade Councilman and a doddering historian, set out in search of the mythical planet Earth...and proof that the Second Foundation still exists.Meanwhile someone or something outside of both Foundations seems to be orchestrating events to suit its own ominous purpose. Soon representatives of both the First and Second Foundations will find themselves racing toward a mysterious world called Gaia and a final, shocking destiny at the very end of the universe!

Reader's Thoughts


This is probably the best-written Foundation novel, with long, intricate plot threads and better-than-average characters (though that's not saying much.) Which made me all the more upset when the climax of the book ditched the themes - even the purpose - of the Foundation, in favor of an oddly New-Age ending (matched by a character choice I furiously disagree with).

Martin Hernandez

Escrita 29 años después de la publicación del último libro de la Trilogía de la Fundación, Segunda Fundación, y 32 años después del primer relato de Fundación, Los límites de la Fundación supone el retorno de Asimov a la continuación de la saga. Según el propio Asimov, en el prólogo escrito para Fundación y Tierra en 1986, "los aficionados [...] me pidieron que continuase la serie. Les dí las gracias, pero seguí negándome. [...] Pero Doubleday se tomó aquellas peticiones con mucha más seriedad que yo".1 De hecho le ofrecieron un contrato con un anticipo 10 veces mayor que el acostumbrado, pidiéndole que elaborara una novela de 140.000 palabras: el doble que cualquiera de los volúmenes anteriores, y casi el triple de cualquier relato individual. Para ello, Asimov tuvo que releer la Trilogía de la Fundación y, como él mismo dice, "respirando hondo, me puse manos a la obra".

Bill Wellham

Asimov returns to the great Foundation series with a great sequel. Written decades after the original trilogy, Edge seems to have a different writing style. In my opinion, an improvement on the earlier Foundation stories. The original trilogy built up to this point using many characters and twisted plots. Asimov used his ingenious ‘psychohistory’ mechanism to drive the story through hundreds of years, always pushing along a destiny for mankind.This sequel is set five hundred years forward from the foundation’s creation. It follows ‘Golan Trevize’, an intuitive and rebellious member of The Foundation, having been expelled by the tough Lady ‘Mayor Branno’; on his journey of discovery across the galaxy. He and his accompanying professor ‘Janov Pelorat’, discover many mysteries of human history, following Pelorat’s belief in an original human planet.Meanwhile ‘Speaker Gendibal’, who can be seen as Trevize’s opposite number, has been expelled from the Second Foundation, to track down Trevize and stop him discovering the Second Foundation. Remember that the mind controlling and universe steering Second Foundation is completely secret and unknown to the First Foundation guys.Various other interesting characters are introduced, and eventually all parties are heading towards a mysterious planet called Gaia. Enough said about Gaia! Albeit that I think Asimov was very influenced by the spiritual theories and science of the 1970s. Great stuff though.An nice and unexpected ending for me.A story of galactic pursuit, discovery, secrets and mind control! I particularly enjoyed the relationship between Golan Trevize and his old professor partner, as they learnt so much from each other during the journey. Wonderfully written, in my opinion, and a well balanced plot. Asimov had enough time to think about this one, and I think he pulled it off perfectly.


Finally! Asimov realizes the potential of his Foundation stories in this fourth volume in the series. There is an altogether different feel to it. Less a dramatic history and more of a suspense/mystery tale, Foundation's Edge focuses on Councilman of the Foundation Golan Trevize whose conspiracy theories concerning the existence of the Second Foundation get him in a lot of trouble. Set up opposite Golan is a young speaker of the Second Foundation, also aware that something is completely wrong with the Seldon Plan. Golan is exiled for his challenge to the status quo by the Mayor of the Foundation, his secret mission, to explore, from the peripheries, his belief that the Second Foundation exists and if so, what it is up to. The speaker's goal: to find who or what is manipulating the Seldon Plan outside the Second Foundation. Two mysteries intertwine and combine in a wonderfully new direction for the Foundation series that leaves so many more questions than before.I loved the brilliant new twist to this storyline comes in Golan's companion, Historian Jan Pelorat, a fringe academic who believes, astonishingly, that human beings, now spread over millions of habitable planets across the galaxy, actually originated on a single planet: Earth. Pelorat joins Golan as a cover for his investigation of the Second Foundation. Why did people leave Earth 20,000 years ago? And why are there no precise records of it's history or even location? Through their journey the explore mythology and legend, folklore and fairytales of the future. Was Earth destroyed in a radioactive cataclysm? Did a war between robots and humanity force human beings to flee the planet to establish a world without?The difference in this particular novel is Asimov's focus on just a couple of characters. He builds the mystery of Earth throughout the entire novel and does it in a very intriguing fashion. Written 30 years after the original Foundation trilogy, this novel shows Asimov's growth as an author. Gone is a lot of the repetitive explanations of bits of technology or futuristic custom and in it's place is solid character and plot development. Foundation's Edge ends on a bit of a cliffhanger, Golan is forced to make a choice for the future of humanity and it's not altogether clear what his decision entails. The Seldon Plan takes a backseat for the first time in the Foundation's history and a new force outside the Foundation makes its presence known. Guess I'll be finishing this series after all...


This was an interesting book. This time we have three main parties at play, and a protagonist with a mission to find something that is trying to find him. However, it will be difficult for they to meet.


Things took an unexpected turn with new elements in play, all perfectly plausible and well-chosen to keep things fresh and exciting. A continuation of the Foundation trilogy, the war between the two Foundations has ended but things are by no means over. While much of the First Foundation believes that the Second Foundation has been destroyed, Mayor Harlo Branno is not deceived. Not content to rule under their control, she has developed an effective though imperfect shield against mental weapons. When Councilman Golan Trevize goes around broadcasting the same suspicions, she exiles him and sends him out into the galaxy as a lightning rod. He is accompanied by historian Janov Pelorat who is on a quest to find Earth, the planet of human origins. Meanwhile on the Second Foundation, young and newly appointed Speaker Gendibal feels that the Seldon Plan is going too perfectly, and suspects another force at work. They all converge on the planet Gaia, a planet of collective consciousness, and Trevize is made to decide the fate of humanity.This was a good read, but I didn't enjoy it as much as the earlier Foundation books perhaps because some of the ideas (collective consciousness and Trevize having an ability to be right) didn't quite make sense to me. Nevertheless, it was excellently crafted and just as thrilling.

Emre Ergin

aaa mass effect 3.Bu kitap şimdiye kadar okuduğum Vakıf serisi romanları içinde beni en sürükleyeni ve aynı zamanda eser miktarda da olsa düşündüreni oldu. Karakterler serideki diğer karakterlere göre çok daha keskin ve birbirinden ayrık çizilmiş. Bir sonraki kitaba hazırlık niteliğinde, gelecek insanlarının köken sorununa, dünyaya dair yaptığı spekülasyonlar da okuması keyifli yerlerdendi. Ama şu da olabilir, beğenimin belki kitapla alakası olmayan sebepleri vardır. Görüşümü saptıran sebepler şunlar olabilir:1) Bu kitap diğerlerinin aksine bir ereader'da okundu, içinde bir teknoloji iması taşıyan bir üslubun insanı haliyle daha bir bilimkurgu sever kılması olası.2) Bu kitap vakıf serisinin çekirdeğini oluşturan üç kitaptan neredeyse yirmi yıl sonra yazıldı. (belki de otuzdu.) bu sebeple asimov'un kaleminde bir keskinleşme olmuş olabilir.3) Bu kitap genişletilmiş serinin sondan bir önceki kitabı, dolayısıyla taşların yerine oturuyor olduğu hissi belki de bir beğeni izlenimi uyandırıyordur.4) Bu kitap serinin tüm kitapları içerisinde İngilizcesi'nden okuduğum ilki. Bunun şu gibi yollarla beğenime etkisi olabilir: 4-a) Serinin çevirileri çok kötü. Bilimkurgu çevirisidir, nolcak diye düşünülüp pek bir baştan savılmış. Ama şu var, bilimkurguda dil otobüste çelikcant. 4-b) İngilizce okumaya alışkın olmadığımdan, ve aslında her satırı hemence anlayamadığımdan, en basit cümlelerde, en klişe ifadelerde dahi bir sanat var zannı oluşmuş olabilir. Bunun yanında, sadece bir eseri -bu dil ingilizce olsa bile- orjinal dilinde okuyor olmak kibrimi okşamıştır, sonra bu kibri daha hayırlı bir yöne sevketmiş, kitabın dilinin bende yaşattığı komik gururu kitaba dair bir beğeniye dönüştürmüş olabilirim.5) Bir seriden 6 kitap okuyunca, harcadığınız zamanın boşa gitmediğini düşünmek için, seriyi en nihayetinde sevmeye başladığınıza inanmak zorundasınız.Sözün özü, kitabı cidden beğendim, keyifle okudum, ama Asimov'dur yani, bu derece beğenmemem gerekirdi. Bu kadar çözümlemeye rağmen bir mantığa da oturtamadım tam. Filmi çıkacakmış, ona gidersiniz.

Ales Zdarek

This is definitely classic sci-fi and you need to consider this book as such. In this book there are not so many disturbing moments, visible in the previous books of this series. Maybe one of the reasons is the fact that the author wrote this book almost thirty years later after finishing the original trilogy. Even then there are some disturbing, not fitting moments, but they are really not so many and not so strong.Autor was very skillful in setting the novel in the way that although it has several main characters, we understand why each of them behaves like it is described, their behaviour is logical, structured and reasonable – they are believable.I liked the most the book ending, which was clear finale of the whole book “adventure”. Informations, data, connections everything is presented to the reader so precisely, that in the end everything fits together and I have to say I have enjoyed it very much. It is clear that the author was the master of the sci-fi and because this book is clearly genre’s classics, there is no way – you need to forgive to the author the disturbing moments. Maybe, you will not mind them as much as I did.

Derek Davis

I didn't plan to read the "later" Foundation books because most attempts to reinvigorate an early, highly successful series (and except for "Lord of the Rings," no original series of the '50s and '60s was as successful as the Foundation trilogy) usually leave you somewhat embarrassed for the author.Not here. Rather than trying to reanimate the sword-and-hoopla of much of 1950s SF, Asimov writes us a 450-page logical argument. You might think that would be enough to give Socrates a headache, but, as the master storyteller he always was, Asimov keeps you hanging on every unexpected but perfectly reasoned turn of plot.By "logical argument" I mean a warring of intensely bright minds trying to one-up each other's motivations and uncover the structure behind a constantly reorganizing viewpoint of political and social organization. Roughly 200 years after the original stories, the Foundation has taken peaceful control of nearly half the galaxy's million colonized worlds. The Foundation believes that the secretive Second Foundation has been exterminated, but we (of course) know that it still lurks on the former Empire home world of Trantor, controlling the unfolding fate of the galaxy through subtle but benevolent mind-tuning. There's no need to list more facts, because this is not a fact-based novel. It's a constantly unfolding and interfolding of ideas through the truly deft use of mind games. And it works only because Asimov created superb characters who speak to each other not in didactic paragraphs but in a genuine attempt to explain the situation to each other. We, the readers, are but eavesdroppers.One thing from the original series remains the same, and it's always seemed both silly and endearing to me. Despite the fact that the galaxy is home to a quintillion human beings (or, one royal shitload squared), their fate always hangs on tiny a handful of isolated minds, who meet two or three at a time out behind some planet where any two spaceships can always conveniently find each other, like neighborhood rudeboys dreaming up a heist in the parking lot of the Pep Boys' warehouse.

Pamela Deters

Foundation's Edge is a continuation of the Foundation series, this time as an actual full length novel. Choices must be made and apparently the fate of the galaxy will rest in the hands of Golan Trevize - chooser extraordinaire. Both the First Foundation and the Second Foundation are manipulating events to allow their vision of the future become the reality. But a third choice is manifesting itself and when events come to a head only Trevize will be able to decide which direction the future should take.I really like the direction Asimov is taking the series. The characters are interesting (Bliss is a riot)and the idea of shadowy entities pulling the strings of the galaxy keeps you guessing.The minuses are that some of the string pulling actually seemed too contrived and was merely a tool to keep the plot moving along. Another issue is that apparently in the longer format Asimov tends to get a bit...chatty.Still, Foundation's Edge fits well into the Foundation Universe.


** spoiler alert ** In his fourth installment in the Foundation Series Asimov blunders and completely drops the ball. While the first three novels did a marvelous job of telling the story of The Seldon Plan (The True Main Character of the Foundation Series), Asimov decides to toss what was a very good plot aside in favor of connecting the Foundation Series to the Empire and Robot series. I was flabbergasted as a dues ex machine arrives to serve only one purpose (make everything fit together). Not only was the sudden twist horrible, it was a giant hole unto itself. The intervention of Gaia would never have been needed if they hadn't interfered in the foundation's existence. Supposedly Gaia calls together the Mayor, the Speaker, Trevise together because without intervention the First Foundation would have gone on conquest and subjugated the Second Foundation or the Second Foundation would have focused on Physical strength and taken a more forceful hand with the First Foundation. None of that would have happened if Gaia had stayed out of the whole event! Think about it: The Mayor wouldn't even have thought to look at Seyshell if Gaia hadn't have orchestrated events to have Trevise go there, and the Second Foundation wouldn't even have had to the inclination to deal with the new physical power of the Foundation if the Gaian's hadn't have, again, revealed themselves to the Second Foundation by interfering with a corrected Seldon Plan. If anything, the Gaian's should have destroyed the mentalic shields of the First Foundation as an apology for destroying the whole Seldon Plan by shrugging of responsibility for The Mule. Terrible. This book was a complete disappointment.


So keep on playing those mind games togetherFaith in the future out of the nowYou just can't beat on those mind guerrillasAbsolute elsewhere in the stones of your mindYeah we're playing those mind games togetherProjecting our images in space and in timeJOHN LENNONcouldn't help but think of that song while reading this book.. quite possibly on it,s own the best foundation novel of all..who on earth is controlling who ? there are so many surprises along the way and the people who usually are as cold as ice in Asimov,s writings are unusually memorable here …the difference between the original series written in the 40,s and published in the 50,s and this novel written in the 80,s is striking ..its isaac at the top of his form ..i blazed through it …this is the first time I've read all 7 foundation novels in a row though I've read the original series 3 or 4 times . its on now to the final FOUNDATION AND EARTH

Julio Cesar

Casi 500 años despues de la promulgacion del Plan Seldon Goldan Trevize(quien al parecer posee la facultad para llegar a conclusiones corectas basandose en datos insuficientes)es desterrado de Terminus por la mujer de bronce la alcaldesa Hala Branno quien pide a Munn Li Compor que lo siga atraves de los saltos hiperespaciales de la nave de ultima generacion(la estrella lejana) que le proporciona para que emprenda su viaje acompañado por el erudito Janov Perolat bajo la coartada de buscar la tierra mientras Stor Gendibal alerta al primer orador Shandess sobre complot y manipulaciones por parte de miembros de la segunda fundacion(o por los denominados antimulos)es enjuiciado por la segunda fundacion y enviado a buscar a Trevize acompañado por Sura Novi(que se revela como ciudadana de Gaia)por su peculiaridad mental.Trev Y Pel extrañamente se sienten atraidos por Sayshell de donde se dirigen a Gaia donde son interceptados por todos los actores politcos importantes del evento(Branno y Liono Kodell de Terminus(nacionalismo(libre albedrio y guerra)),Gendibal de la segunda fundacion(manipulacion bienintencionada(guia y paz con riesgo de traicion))y Novi(que en ese momento se revela como agente de Gaia)y Bliss(que resulta ser un robot supervisor de Gaia que desarrolla romance con Pelorat quien establece residencia en Gaia).Trev se inclina al bando de Gaia favoreciendo al desarrollo de la vida y una conciencia superior acoplada al Plan Seldon.Dom y Trev investigan el paradero de la tierra.


This is probably blasphemy, but I liked this book better than the Foundation trilogy itself. Which isn't too surprising, my favorite of that trilogy was Second Foundation. I love mysterious behind the scenes type mysteries, and this was sort of a continuation of that theme, with the promise of more to come in Foundation and Earth so I'll definitely be picking that up.

Simon Mcleish

Originally published on my blog here in November 2002.Foundation's Edge was the first science fiction novel Asimov had written for a decade, most of which he had spent concentrating on non-fiction. It had a mixed reception, composed on the one hand of the desire to extend a welcome to an old friend long absent (which brought it the Hugo award for 1983), and on the other of the feeling that it was a sequel which failed to live up to the classic Foundation trilogy which it follows.Reading Foundation's Edge now, after the fuss has died down, and doing so just after revisiting the original trilogy, I am more inclined to the former view, changing my mind after first acquaintance twenty years ago. This is because the earlier books have now come to seem dated, like a lot of Asimov's early fiction.Foundation's Edge is set about halfway between the creation of the Foundation and its predicted establishment of a new empire a thousand years after the fall of the old one. (This little piece of chronology makes it clear just how large a scope Asimov had left himself for a sequel.) The Mule is long defeated, and the Second Foundation has returned to obscurity, convincing the Foundation that it too has been destroyed. Seldon's plan is back on course - and this eventually provokes suspicion in both Foundations; after so great a disruption as the reign of the Mule, how can centuries old predictions suddenly become minutely valid once again? This prompts both Foundations to begin searching for whoever or whatever has caused this, and this search is what Foundation's Edge is about.Asimov's science fiction revolves around two great ideas: the laws of robotics and the science of psychohistory. In practice, the main interest of the plots he devises using these ideas is the ways he finds to circumvent their limitations - almost all the robot stories are about attempts to bend or break the laws of robotics, and the Foundation stories are about applying the laws of psychohistory to small numbers of individuals (because novels need to have personalities in them), something explicitly forbidden by the statistics on which the rules are supposedly based. (Alternatively, he allows an individual like the Mule to overturn the predictions, using precisely the justification that it is impossible to apply psychohistory to the actions of individuals.) One of the biggest problems that the original trilogy has, it now sdeems to me, is that the tension this produces is not fully integrated into the plot; in Foundation's Edge, it is handled much more expertly, as befits a writer with thirty years' more experience.Asimov's characterisation is generally pretty perfunctory (the most obvious exceptions being Elijah Baley and the members of the Black Widowers), but here it is rather better than usual, the personalities of those involved playing an important part in the way that the plot is resolved.The greater maturity of the writing should ensure that Foundation's Edge dates more slowly than its predecessors (though they, of course, first appeared over four decades ago). However, it is still the idea behind the series as a whole which is of central interest, much more so than the merits of the individual novels. The sweep of galactic history and the interest of psychohistory will probably mean that the original trilogy continues to be read for some time yet.

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