Lukacs: History and Class Consciousness (Studies in Marxist Dialectics)

ISBN: 0262120356
ISBN 13: 9780262120357
By: György Lukács Rodney Livingstone

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About this book

تاریخ و آگاهی طبقاتی، پژوهشی در دیالکتیک مارکسیستی، از سری آثار نسل قلم ادبیات و اندیشه ی جهانHistoire et conscience del classتاملی در باره تاریخ و آگاهی طبقاتی (لوسین گلدمن)، مارکسیسم درست آیین (ارتدکس) چیست؟، مارکسیسم روزا لوگزامبورگ، آگاهی طبقاتی، شِیء وارگی و آگاهی پرولتاریا، ذگذگونی کارکرد ماتریالیسم تاریخی، فعالیت قانونی و غیر قانونی

Reader's Thoughts


This book is important for Lukacs' concept of 'false consciousness'. Like most marxists, Lukacs assumes that consciousness is an understanding of ones class interests. False consciousness is a state where ones true consciousness is clouded by capitalism, thus classes are living with a false consciousness that can involve commodity fetishism and alienation (or reification). Only the proletariat is able to achieve true consciousness because of its opposition to capitalism. Although presumably, after the revolution, and after classes are dissolved, everyone would achieve true consciousness. One can see how the heavy hand of the state could smash consciousness into the minds of the Proletariat. And for sure, Lukacs was no stranger to advocating a strong state response (the guy was practically a Stalinist). So why is this important, then? Well, Lukacs was hinting at something very simple in this book: The working class is not always looking out for its best interests. Why else would the working class condemn unions and vote for Reactionary governments? We can simply ask ourselves whether or not this is some sort of false consciousness? Has capitalism trained us to accept the way things are? This book greatly influenced the Situationists (which is interesting seeing that they were opposed to Soviet style communism). And it is hard to argue that this book does not advocate the iron fist.


Must read for anyone interested in critical thinking, may that be: Western philosophy from Kant-Hegel and Marx, Frankfurt School, Marxism, Feminism, sociology, history--the application is endless. Truly a master piece of the 20th century.

William West

Arguably the essential text of "religious Marxism". It suffers from many of the problems one generally associates with the pronoun.


Western Marxism kinda begins right here.


A must read for students of Marxist thought in the twentieth century.


لوسین گلد من: تاریخ و آگاهی طبقاتی از برجسته ترین نقاط عطف تاریخ اندیشه ی جامعه شناختی و سیاسی در قرن بیستم است.

Draco3seven Crawdady

This book will be incomprehensible to most… although as far as substance it’s on point… Literally Lukacs' ability to juggle with the western conceptions of substance is illuminating.


Oh Lukacs, how I was expecting so much more. As often as your name is spoken of in reverential terms, this just seemed to be ponderous, self-deluding ultra-orthodox dialectical materialism, devoid of so much of the social awareness that makes reading Luxemburg or Horkheimer such a pleasure. Indeed, he criticizes Luxemburg for her demands of social freedom paired with socialist economy. Some of his observations on alienation and class consciousness are pretty wise, but a good 3/4 of this one can be thrown out.


Comment:Orthodoxy, for Lukacs, is above all, fidelity to method. If 'research had disproved' every one of Marx's theses he tells us that he would still be a Marxist if they had been disproved for 'scientific' (i.e., Marxist) reasons! Such was the importance of method to Lukacs. ...But isn't method always thus? - A faith for people without faith?

Luke Echo

I thought the Kowlakowski's evaluation of Lukacs as ultimately attempting to 'mystify' Marxism as a kind of relgion was accurate. And I can't help but feel that the idea of Praxis as a unity of Theory and Practice is problematic. That, his theories lead to a problem of determining 'false' versus 'true' consciousness.

أيمن الجندي


I actually only read the main title essay from this collection for a Frankfurt School reading group. Hugely influential piece which is easy to detect in Dialectic of the Enlightenment & other Adorno. Still, the style is often atrocious and the thought is now profound, now vaguely ridiculous in turns. Despite all this the work is a must read for the central stage appearance of the concept of reification.

Craig Dove

This is one that I need to reread at some point.


A series of essays on Marx that emphasized the importance of Hegelian dialectics to his thought, and in particular to his ideas about historical materialism. This was before the discovery of Marx's earlier manuscripts that did indeed draw heavily on Hegel, so Lukacs rather nailed that one. Lukacs's essays also feature some rather vehement, Leninist-style class battle cries, his primary claim being that the revolution will only occur once the proletariat has achieved a full class-consciousness, an understanding of its place in history.


im actually focusing on the section on reification. though working on the other parts as well.

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