One Hundred Years of Solitude

ISBN: 0060531045
ISBN 13: 9780060531041
By: Gabriel Garcí­a Márquez Gregory Rabassa

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Genres

1001 Books Book Club Classics Fantasy Favourites Historical Fiction Latin America Literature Magic Realism Magical Realism

About this book

One of the 20th century's enduring works, One Hundred Years of Solitude is a widely beloved and acclaimed novel known throughout the world, and the ultimate achievement of a Nobel Prize winning career.The novel tells the story of the rise and fall of the mythical town of Macondo through the history of the family. It is a rich and brilliant chronicle of life and death, and the tragicomedy of humankind. In the noble, ridiculous, beautiful, and tawdry story of the family, one sees all of humanity, just as in the history, myths, growth, and decay of Macondo, one sees all of Latin America.Love and lust, war and revolution, riches and poverty, youth and senility -- the variety of life, the endlessness of death, the search for peace and truth -- these universal themes dominate the novel. Whether he is describing an affair of passion or the voracity of capitalism and the corruption of government, Gabriel Garcia Marquez always writes with the simplicity, ease, and purity that are the mark of a master.Alternately reverential and comical, One Hundred Years of Solitude weaves the political, personal, and spiritual to bring a new consciousness to storytelling. Translated into dozens of languages, this stunning work is no less than an accounting of the history of the human race.

Reader's Thoughts

Maria

Del potere seduttivo di Gabriel García Márquez.E' successo tutto una settimana fa. Può sembrare poco tempo e in effetti lo è, ma lasciate che vi racconti come è andata.Mi corteggiava da mesi. Io continuavo a ripetergli i motivi per i quali non saremmo mai potuti andare d'accordo.- Non sei il mio tipo - cercavo di fargli capire - Io ho bisogno di altro, mi conosco, sono attratta da personaggi completamente diversi. Mi dispiace.Lui non mi dava tregua. Stava lì a guardarmi. Sorrideva, quasi fosse una sfida.- Lasciami provare. Se le cose non andranno sparirò per sempre dalla tua vita.Non sopportavo più quel silenzio paziente e granitico. Fino all'altro giorno:- Un'unica possibilità, tanto per dimostrarti che ho ragione. - gli dissi - Andiamo. Un sorriso diverso questa volta, pieno e raggiante.Mi portò a Macondo, un strano villaggio immerso nella foresta colombiana.- Vedi? - gli dissi - Già non andiamo d'accordo! Io odio questi luoghi! A me piacciono le città fredde e caotiche. Adoro lo smog, le luci al led e i palazzoni di sessanta piani. Hai già perso!Niente. Non voleva lasciarmi andare.Mi indicò una casa, quella era la nostra destinazione.Conobbi i suoi amici: José Arcadio Buendía e Ursula Iguarán.José Arcadio Buendía. Ripetevo il suo nome continuamente; mi sembrava che ogni sillaba fosse una nota musicale più che una disposizione ordinata di lettere.- José Arcadio Buendía. José. Arcadio. Buendía.Non lo dissi a Gabriel, sapevo che si sarebbe preso gioco di me.Josè Arcadio parlava velocemente, non riuscivo a stargli dietro. Mi raccontò di come lui e Ursula avessero fondato Macondo, degli zingari e delle loro invenzioni straordinarie. Mi parlò della sua voglia di scoprire, del suo bisogno viscerale di vedere, di sapere.Le sue pupille erano due tizzoni ardenti. Ogni parte del suo corpo ardeva contemporaneamente. Era impossibile staccargli gli occhi di dosso.Mi presentò i suoi figli. Erano tre. Quattro in realtà. Mi spiegò che Rebeca era una Buendìa a tutti gli effetti; era sua figlia prima ancora che arrivasse al villaggio, piccola e sola, con la sua scatola di legno stretta tra le braccia.Non capii sul momento cosa significasse esattamente "essere un Buendìa".- Sembra un concetto molto affascinante - mi limitai a dire.Jose Arcadio era il maggiore. Bello e fiero. Un uomo vero, come amava definirsi.Come spesso succede, la mia attenzione non si fermò sui muscoli di Arcadio ma proseguì oltre, su Aureliano, sul secondogenito. Scorgevo nei suoi occhi sfuggenti una tale passione per la vita che mi paralizzò. Aveva la frenesia della ricerca nel sangue, come suo padre.Amaranta ci fissava da lontano. Non si avvicinò neanche una volta. Non riuscì a trattenersi però quando entrando in casa le dissi che, secondo me, lei aveva il nome più bello di tutta Macondo. - Forse anche più di Rebeca - aggiunsi. Le si spalancò un sorriso sul viso che neanche la luna poté eguagliare.Restai a cena. Una tavola stracolma di cibo come non ne avevo mai viste prima.Voci su voci, e urla, e grida si sovrapponevano incessantemente; una tale baraonda in quella stanza che ebbi l'impressione di aver cenato insieme ad un intero reggimento di soldati.Uscii un attimo sul portico, avevo bisogno d'aria. Macondo di notte era qualcosa di spettacolare.La vegetazione indisciplinata rivestiva il paesaggio di profumi intensi e selvaggi. Primitivi. Unici. Gabriel mi raggiunse e mi chiese cosa ne pensassi di quel mondo abbandonato dal tempo.- Non so cosa dire - risposi. Era vero, non sapevo cosa stessi provando; non riuscivo a comprendere quei personaggi così bizzarri, chiassosi e grossolani. Che si amavano forte, che si amavano rumorosamente.- Vuoi andare via? - mi sussurrò.- Vorrei andare. E vorrei restare. Non riesco a capire. Aspettiamo ancora un pò. Rimasi a Macondo altri cento anni.Mi persi nei tatuaggi di Arcadio e passai ore intere a studiare le pergamene di Melquíades, avvolta dalla costanza di Fernanda e dalla dedizione di Santa Sofia de la piedad.Mi innamorai della fierezza del colonnello Aureliano, del suo cuore di ghiaccio, della sua anima di fuoco.Mi incantai a guardare la purezza di Remedios la bella, della ragazza che andò in cielo senza passare dalla terra. E seppi delle farfalle gialle, di quell'amore consumato appena. Lessi il destino della famiglia nei tarocchi di Pilar Ternera. Non c'erano misteri nel cuore di un Buendìa che le fossero impenetrabili, perchè un secolo di cartomanzia e di esperienza le avevano insegnato che la storia della famiglia era un ingranaggio di ripetizioni irreparabili. Vidi uomini e donne nascere e morire, negli stessi occhi, nella stessa carne e capii quanto fossi stata fortunata. Compresi che tutto quello a cui avevo assistito: era irripetibile da sempre e per sempre, perché le stirpi condannate a cent'anni di solitudine non avevano una seconda opportunità sulla terra. Lui continua a guardarmi, anche adesso. Sorride. Ha vinto e lo sa.Non è il mio tipo, questo non è cambiato e probabilmente non cambierà. Ma tutto che mi ha fatto provare, tutto quello che ho vissuto, anche quello non cambierà mai.http://startfromscratchblog.blogspot....

brian

i remember the day i stopped watching cartoons: an episode of thundercats in which a few of the cats were trapped in some kind of superbubble thing and it hit me that, being cartoons, the characters could just be erased and re-drawn outside the bubble. or could just fly away. or tunnel their way out. or teleport. or do whatever, really, they wanted... afterall they were line and color in a world of line and color. now this applies to any work of fiction -- i mean, Cervantes could've just written Don Quixote out of any perilous situation, but it just felt different with a lowest-common-denominator cartoon. it felt that adherence to reality (reality as defined within the world of the cartoon) wasn’t a top priority. this ended my cartoon watching days and i’ve pored over it in the years that followed: was it a severe lack or an overabundence of imagination that made it so that while all my friends were digging saturday morning cartoons i alternated between tormenting my parents and attempting to use logic to disprove the fact that everyone i knew and everyone i ever would know was gonna die?i had a similar experience with One Hundred Years of Solitude. the first chapter is just brilliant: gypsies bring items to Macondo, a village hidden away from mass civilization by miles of swamp and mountains… these everyday items (magnets, ice, etc.) are interpreted as ‘magic’ by people who have never seen them and it forces the reader to reconfigure his/her perception of much of what s/he formerly found ordinary. amazing. and then the gypsies bring a magic carpet. a real one. one that works. and there is no distinction b/t magnets and the magic carpet. this, i guess, is magical realism. and i had a Thundercats moment. lemme explain:the magic carpet immediately renders all that preceded it as irrelevant. are ice and magnets the same as magic carpets? what is the relation between magic and science? how can i trust and believe in a character who takes such pains to understand ice and magnets and who, using the most primitive scientific means, works day and night to discover that the earth is round -- but then will just accept that carpets can fly? or that people can instantaneously increase their body weight sevenfold by pure will? or that human blood can twist and turn through streets to find a specific person? fuck the characters, how can i trust the writer if the world is totally undefined? if people can refuse to die (and it’s not explained who or how or why): where are the stakes? if someone can make themselves weigh 1000 pounds, what can’t they do? how can i care about any situation if Garcia Marquez can simply make the persons involved sprout wings and fly away? should the book be read as fairy-tale? as myth? as allegory? no. i don’t think it’s meant to be read solely as any of those. and i’d label anyone a fraud who tried to explain away a 500 page book as mere allegory. moreover, i don’t believe Garcia Marquez has as fertile an imagination as Borges or Cervantes or Mutis –- three chaps who, perhaps, could pull something like this off on storytelling power alone; but three chaps who, though they may dabble in this stuff, clearly define the world their characters inhabit. so i’m at page 200. and i’m gonna try and push on. but it’s tough. do i care when someone dies when death isn’t permanent? and do i care about characters who have seen death reversed but don’t freak the fuck out (which is inconsistent with what does make them freak the fuck out) and who also continue to cry when someone dies? yes, there are some gems along the way, but i think had Solitude been structured as a large collection of interconnected short stories (kinda like a magical realism Winesberg, Ohio) it would've worked much better. this is one of the most beloved books of all time and i’m not so arrogant (damn close) to discount the word of all these people (although I do have gothboy, DFJ, and Borges on my side -- a strong argument for or against anything), and not so blind to see the joy this brings to so many people… i fully understand it's a powerful piece of work. but i really don’t get it. and i aggressively recommend The Adventures and Misadventures of Maqroll to any and all who find Solitude to be the end all and be all.

Jacey

This was the first book I'd ever read where the end was as good as the beginning and middle, that's to say -- excellent. A circular story of a family through the generations, through the banana trees, through the political turmoil. Magical realism at it's best.If it helps, by the time you get half way through the book you shouldn't have to look at the family tree at the front of the book anymore.

Laura

More like A Hundred Years of Torture. I read this partly in a misguided attempt to expand my literary horizons and partly because my uncle was a big fan of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Then again, he also used to re-read Ulysses for fun, which just goes to show that you should never take book advice from someone whose IQ is more than 30 points higher than your own.I have patience for a lot of excesses, like verbiage and chocolate, but not for 5000 pages featuring three generations of people with the same names. I finally tore out the family tree at the beginning of the book and used it as a bookmark! To be fair, the book isn’t actually 5000 pages, but also to be fair, the endlessly interwoven stories of bizarre exploits and fantastical phenomena make it seem like it is. The whole time I read it I thought, “This must be what it’s like to be stoned.” Well, actually most of the time I was just trying to keep the characters straight. The rest of the time I was wondering if I was the victim of odorless paint fumes. However, I think I was simply the victim of Marquez’s brand of magical realism, which I can take in short stories but find a bit much to swallow in a long novel. Again, to be fair, this novel is lauded and loved by many, and I can sort of see why. A shimmering panoramic of a village’s history would appeal to those who enjoy tragicomedy laced heavily with fantasy. It’s just way too heavily laced for me.

Eleanor

A book that covers the passage of time as if it were a wheel that would spin on into infinity were it not for the wear of the axle, One Hundred Years of Solitude is the story of the rise and fall of the Buendia family and their village Macondo. It tells the tender truths and lies of a family from the life of each member by blood and marriage, the passage of time told by the relationships of members who scarcely realize the depth to which their daily actions resonate back to generations before. Habits and quirks are passed on between family, noted only by the eldest family members, their every action and observation poetic. The fantastic elements never once distract from characters as flawed and real human beings, a boy followed by yellow butterflies, a girl so beautiful she transcends to heaven, the cryptic documents left by a gypsy older than the town itself who appears as a ghost to the Buendia family. Marquez depicts the realities of a family that is constantly reborn in the form of a solitary air, clairvoyant eyes, the craft of small toy animals, or a passion for making things to unmake them in such a way that is flowing, cyclical, and yet always unique. Admittedly there are boring generations/family members and that can make chunks of the book a little static but the ending is perfect. For minutes afterwards I felt like I died with the family.

Mister Jones

I must be missing something about this one, and whatever it is, I know it's not much.I didn't enjoy it; I wanted it to be a fulfilling and rewarding read; I want it to be everything that everyone else said it was and then some.So, I learned that some works aren't worth it--not worth reading, not worth the time, and not worth putting faith in what others may deem "a beautiful book."Marquez pops characters in and out with different brief activities and events, scattering them into a literary collage; humans with tails, and a girl who eats dirt..those things would be interesting if a story was surrounding each one, but there isn't. It's like going to a carnival looking through a peep hole and seeing a freak of nature briefly.To just pop these abnormalities in as being convincing, which it sure as hell isn't, seems to be stretching the point of lucidity and literary, and after that, I stopped reading--because there's a big difference in reading and just wallowing in a collage of intellectual masturbation where events and names are continuously wrapped around the charming misnomer:"magic realism." Ultimately, it's monotonous, confusing, and in the end boring as hell.I've given it no stars because I'm so full of magic realism. I'm real and can perform magic,and I'm far more convincing than this pretentious work ever could be. Watch me: I'm waving my literary wand and sending 100 Days of Boring Crap on a magic carpet ride directly into my "crap that actually got published" bin. BRAVO!

Christina White

Torture. This book seemed like it would NEVER end. I didn't enjoy this book... and here are some reasons I came up with:1. I'm not Colombian2. Magical realism makes my head hurt3. Incest is disgusting4. Everyone had the same name and the characters kept dying... therefore I had no investment in the relationships and no sense of a plot that I cared to follow through to the end.Maybe I'm just not intellectual or smart enough to enjoy this book... There are so many reviews of praise. I totally missed the boat on this one.

Marmor Owais

حينما بدأت بقراءة تلك الملحمة ظننت أن المشكلة التى ستواجهنى هي صعوبة الأسماء الأسبانية ، لكننى لم أدرك أن الصعوبة ليست فى الأسماء لذاتهاولكنها فى تكرارها .. ما هذه العبقرية ! سلالة بالكامل تمدد مائة عام تحملاسمين فقط هما خوسيه أركاديو وأوريليانو .. تلك الرواية لا تستطيع أن تصف أحداثها -على الأقل أتحدث عن نفسى- لكنك تستطيع أن تصف إحساسك بها.هي بالتأكيد عبقريةومذهلة ومبهرة وغريبة فى نفس الوقت .. غريبة بأساطيرها السحرية كداء الأرق وذنب الخنزير دليل على الخطيئة وتجول الأموات.. واختلاط أوريليانو الثاني بخوسيه أركاديو الثاني فعاش كل منهم باسم الأخر، وياللسخرية عند موتهما اختلط التابوتان ودفن كل منهم فى قبر الآخر .. ! لا أستغرب إصابة ماركيز بالخرف فى أواخر حياته فهو بالتأكيد كان يهذى عندما كتب هذه الرواية. كيف استطاع الإتيان بتلك الحبكة الدرامية والعبقريةفى التعبير والإحساس ..يرسم بالكلمات واقع تلك القرية "ماكوندو" التى أنشأها خوسيه أركاديو بوينديا حتى دمرتها الرياح منهية تاريخ تلك السلالة.. "أول السلالة مربوط إلى شجرة وأخرهم يأكله النمل" ما هذه الجملة العبقرية التى تلخص الرواية والتى كتبها ميليكادس فى رقاقه التى تركها .. وكأن الرواية كتبت نهايتها قبل البداية. كنت أود لو لم تنتهى تلك العزلة التى قضيتها بين صفحات تلك الرواية.

Huda Yahya

شعـــــورك بالعجـــــزهذه هي مشكلة الرواية الكبرىأنت في حال من الافتنان والنشوة لا يوصفوانعقاد لسانك يسبق أفكاركويبقى بداخلك صراع دائميتجسد في محاولات مضحكة للتعبير عن هذه المتعةلذا كنت احاول مراراً خلق التعبيرات المناسبة فأجدها تخرج لسانها في سخرية تاركة إياي في حيرة وقلة حيلةعندما أمسكت بهذه الرواية لأول مرّة شعرت بانفصال تام عن الواقع من حوليوجدتني بداخل ماكوندو حيّة أتنفس وأرى الشخصيات من حولي تتصارع مع حيواتها كما أراد لها خالقها العبقريأنا كنتُ هناك ولا أبالغ بحرفحلّقتُ بخفة بين موجات الحر العنيفةأحسستُ بكل شهقة وبكل قطرة عرقذبتُ بين شقوق الجدران و داعبتُ الفراشات الصفراءوهكذا نالت الرواية مني ثلاث قراءات في أوقات مختلفةوكل مرة كان يلتصق بي بعض من هذا العالموهذه المرةشعرتُ بكل ما هو حي وحقيقي بداخلي ينفصل عني ليحلق وحده بعيداً بعيداً عن كل ما تحطم بداخلي ‏،وكل ما مزقته السنون في ماكوندومزجت العالمين معاً في مخيلتي وتمازجت الأوجاع ببعضهامن يستطيع التناغم مع العزلة أكثر من فرد معزول عن العالم في بقعة صغيرة من السكون؟عشتُ العزلة أغلب سنوات عمريأقلّب فتافيت عالمي بملعقةتطاردني كل أفكار الدنيا ،وأنا معزولة بين جدران لا أريد مفارقتهاكانت خلاياي تناضل لتبقى وحيدة في عالم أراني لا أنتمي إليهبداخلي أقمت مدناً لا يسكنها سوايحدائق أزهارها لا تنتمي لتراب هذه الأرضعانقتُ كل ما هو ذي معنى وتركتُ اللامعنى خارجاً يداعب ألوف من البشر يومياًكيف يمكن لعائلة أن تناسبني أكثر من عائلة بويندياالضاربة بجذورها ف ي عزلة الروح ‏والجسد؟ لأنه مقدراً لمدينة السراب أن تذورها الرياح وتُنفى من ذاكرة البشر في اللحظة التي ينتهي فيها أورليانو بوينديا من حلّ رموز الرقاقوأن كل ما هو مكتوب فيها لا يمكن أن يتكرر منذ الأزل إلى الأبدلأن السلالات المحكومة بمئة عام من العزلة ، ليست لها فرصة أخرى على الأرض ما الذي فعله ماركيز بي؟كيف أنتج عالماً كاملاً بين دفتي كتاب ،وأتقن صنيعته إلى هذا الحد؟و استطاع ببضع أسماء أن يخلق تجانساً في الشكل والملامحفي الخواطر والأحلامفي قرارات الحياةوفي المصير المؤلموفي نفس الوقت خلق الاختلاف يداعب التجانس خطوة بخطوة ويتمرد عليهفصاغ أبطاله بحرفية صياغة الكولونيل أورليانو لأسماكه الذهبيةكنتُ أتخيل ماركيز يجلس منعزلا في غرفة يمسك بشخصياته كما يمسك الكولونيل بسمكاته‏يعجنها بيديه ويشكل أوهامها وحقيقتها بمهارة ‏يضيف لماسته المموهة ببصمته كما يلصق أورليانو عيون السمك الياقوتية فتتوهج الملامح في روحكوعندما يكتمل عددها يصهرها من جديد كي ينتج جيلاً جديداً يحمل نفس الإسم والملامح بطعم ‏ومصير مؤلم جديدين‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘‘بين تعسّف آمارانتا وحزنها المذعور، وصلف فرنادنا وأطباءها المتخيلينوبراءة ريميديوس الطفلة ودماها ، و قسوة أركاديو التي طاردته منذ اللحظة التي رأى فيها عملية إعداموصلابة أورسولا وعزيمتها المثيرة للإعجابتعيش لحظات سحرية لا معقولة لاشيء فيها بلونٍ واحد ولا يعرف حدة الأبيض أو الأسودفقد يأتي العذاب من الجمال الباهر والسذاجة بطريقة لا تتوقعها إلا مع وحشية القتال ودمويتهفريميديوس الجميلة تأتي في وسط الرواية مثل كائنٍ بلوري شفاف تقترب منه مبهوراً بلئلائه فتعانق جبلاً جليدياً تتجمد معه حتى الموتأو كتلة زجاجية صافية بريئة تمزق لحمك وتتشرب دمك حتى الموتمثل الجليد الذي بقى يطارد روح الكولونيل أورليانوومثل شبح ذيل الخنزير الذي ظل يحوم حول البيت الكبير حتى تمكن منهلينبعث منها أنفاس موت ، لا لفحات حب وتنتهي محلقة مع ملاءات البيت إلى السماء في طبقات الهواء العليا حيث لا تستطيع الوصول إليها أعلى طيور الذاكرة تحليقاًمين أين يبدأ السحر هنا؟هل رأى ميلكاديس قدر العائلة أم خطه هو بيديه؟هل تشوف الحوادث العجيبة في بللورته السحرية أم كانت لعنة تلك التي أطلقتها تعاويذه عبر رموزها السنسكريتية؟كيف فعلها ميلكاديس بين مواقد المخبر وفقاعات التجارب في القوارير وأزيز غليان الزئبق؟وكيف نشأت ماكوندو حقاً؟أهي صُممت بعرق خوسيه الأكبر وكفاح أورسولا أم نشأت بين أبخرة مخبر بدائي قدّر له أن يكون المبتدى منه وإليه المنتهى؟من أين جاءت هذه العائلة التي يولد طفلها الأول بين المستنقعات بدون ذيل خنزير وبرغبة أبدية في الجنونليشهد بداية ماكوندوويولد طفلها الأخير بين أنقاض البيت وسط الحشرات ولفحات الحر الأخيرة بذيل خنزير من حبٍّ حرام كي تتحقق النبؤةوكي يموت الجنون فيه قبل أن يبدأليشهد نهاية ماكوندووفي جو يشبه المستنقعات تسقط أوراق ماركيز الحاملة الرواية المنقحة في الوحل كي تعود لتجففها زوجته ورقة ورقةتراها أكانت لعنة ميلكاديس لحقت بها؟!خاض الكولونيل أوريليانو بوينديا 32 حرباً أهلية خسرها جميعاًومن خلال كفاحه المكلل بخيبة الأمل وإدراكه في النهاية أنه خاض تلك الحروب لينتهي منعزلاً أكثر مما كان ساخطاً على العالم وعلى نفسه وعلى كل فكرة بدأت نبيلة وانتهت محطمة بوحشية الدم وشهوة السلطةو ماركيز كان دوما مناهضاً لجميع الممارسات القمعية لدكتاتوريات العالم ودكتاتورية أميركا اللاتينية بشكل خاص ، ومؤيداً لثورات التحرروقد خاض جده حروباً في أمريكا اللاتينية ، وكان ميلاد ماركيز يوافق سنة مذبحة إضراب مزارع الموز والتي أنكرتها الحكومة فأعاد إحياءها في الرواية *-*"يقول ماركيز "الخيال هو تهيئة الواقع ليصبح فناًتنتمي هذه الرواية لنوع أدبي يسمّىmagical realismوفي هذا النوع يسري الخيال محلقاً في بيئة واقعية بحيث يشكل جزءاً طبيعياً منهاحيث يقوم حدث شديد الغرابة بغزو حياة منطقية واقعيةوإن كان المؤلف قد وصف روايته بأنها تنتمي لأدب الهروب من الواقعكثيرة كانت الرموز الممزوجة بالخيال في الرواية فبين السفينة الغارقة ، ووحل المستنقعات ، وشجرة كستناء صبوروبيانولا ترقد في الظلام تصاحبها ملاءة بيضاءعاش الأبطال حيواتهم العجيبة في عزلة أبدية تحتضن برفق هذه الصور في دواخلهم إلى الأبدأكثر ثلاث مشاهد تغلغلوا إلى روحي ألماً آمارنتا تضع يدها في في جمر الموقد إلى أن تألمت إلى حد لم تعد تشعر معه بالألم ليبقى لحمها المحروق وضمادة الشاش السوداء في ذهني طوال الرواية يطاردني**لحظة إطلاق النار على ماوريسيو بابيلونيا وكأنني أنا التي أنهار في غرفة نوم ميمي**ولحظة اكتشاف آخر أورليانو من السلالة الوليد يتحول لجلد منفوخ بعد التهام النمل الأحمر إياه‏ بين صفحات الرواية قضيتُ وقتاً لا يضاهىأقرأ ملحمة من أعظم ما كُتب على مر العصورعن مدينة نبتت في الوحل وغاصت فيه مجدداًلتتركني مع آخر صفحة أود العودة إليها من جديد كي أتمتع بهذا العالم الخرافي حتى الثمالةلتذروه الرياح مجددا ،ويختفي من ذاكرة البشرثم يعود نابضاً في صفحات ماركيز فتتشربه ذاكرة القراء إلى الأبد

سارة درويش

النهاية عجبتني رواية بائسة أوي .. مش عارفة ليه فكرتني أوي بثلاثية غرناطة ، البيت الكبير والجدة والأولاد اللي شاخوا فجأة .. الأحفاد اللي اتفرقوا في كل الأرض .. لكن مقدار البؤس اللي فيها غريبما استمتعتش بيها أوي علشان حسيتها مُختذلة رغم انها كبيرة كتيرة ، بس يمكن لأن النسخة اللي قرأتها كانت مختصرة تقريباًعيشيتني حالة غريبة بس ما حبيتهاش .. حكى فيها اكتر من حكاية متداخلة لدرجة إنك في آخر الرواية بتفتكر أولها بصعوبة .. كان ممكن قصة كل شخص في البيت تبقى رواية لوحدها !

Tim

I had a magical AP English teacher my senior year of high school, who had an ethereal, almost magical (sort of a whisper, sort of a song) voice and a flourish and passion for reading. She assigned us Garcia-Marquez' "100 Years Of Solitude," it was one of those (i'll admit and hope it doesn't sound lame or cheesy) life-changing moments.I can't say what it was at that moment that so moved me, but I attribute this as the book that made me love reading...love words. I hadn't come across any authors whose words could move deftly from the grounded, the sublime, and the real to the super-natural, the magic, and the surreal. The chapters almost blew off the pages like maple-wings from a tree (hey, I can visualize it)...and literally from that point on I learned how to look beyond what you can see in the everyday to peer into the beyond.This is the only novel that I have read multiple times, and I could pick it up again today and read it cover to cover.

mai ahmd

حين تفكر بقراءة هذه الرواية يجب أن تضع نصب عينيك أنك لا تقرأ عملا اعتياديا يستلزم جهدا مشابها عليك أن تترك كل حواسك مع الكتاب المترجم علماني كان متفهما جدا لطبيعة القارىء العربي وربما صعوبة التواصل مع أسماء بهذا الكم وأجيال بهذا العدد فما كان منه إلا أن وضع خارطة للأجيال الستة التي مروا على قرية ماكوندو من أسرة خوسيه أركاديو بوينديا تسهيلا وحتى لا يقع القارىء في لبس الأسماء وهذا يحسب لعلماني كمترجم له باع في الترجمة بلغة سلسة أصبح يتهافت عليها الجميع الرواية من الروايات العظيمة والتي تقدم دروسا في فن كتابة الرواية السحرية الخالدة أنها لا يمكن أن تكون سوى ملحمة هذه الرواية هي الرواية التي حصل ماركيز بعدها على نوبل وهي الرواية التي ظلت لسنوات عديدة من أكثر الكتب مبيعا في القارة اللاتينية كتب ماركيز قصة قرية أسرة بوينديا لأجيال عديدة منذ الجهد الذي بذل في بناء قرية ماكوندو وحتى آخر فرد في سلالتها تلك القرية التي اختير مكانها بعد صعوبات عدة القرية الهادئة التي تنعم بالسلام وحتى توافد الناس عليها وكل مراحل التطور التي مرت بها القرية كانت مرتبطة بألأسرة الآنفة الذكر لم يكن ماركيز مجرد كاتب يعتني بتفاصيل الحدث ولكن في كثير من الأحيان كنتُ أخاله مصور يصور الحالة وويهتم بالكادر ويرتب تكوين الصورة كأجمل ما تكون ثم يطلقها لكي تقع عليها العيون المتشبثة لكل حرف فيها كان من الطريف جدا والمأساوي أيضا ما ذكره ماركيز حول هذه الرواية أنه لم يكن يملك أجر البريد لإرسالها إلى الناشر يقول: «أرسلتُ مخطوطة «مائة عام من العزلة»، إلى فرانثيسكو بوروا في دار نشر سورامريكا في بوينس آيرس، وعند وزن الطرد طلب موظف البريد أن ندفع 72 بيسوس، ولم نملك غير 53 بيسوس، فقمنا بفصل المخطوط إلى قسمين متساويين، وأرسلنا قسماً منه، وبعد ذلك انتبهنا إلى أننا أرسلنا القسم الثاني من الرواية». وعلق ماركيز: «لحسن الحظ كان فرانثيسكو بوروا متلهفا لمعرفة القسم الأول من الرواية، فأعاد إلينا النقود، كي نرسل له القسم الأول».تخيلوا لو لم يكن هذا الناشر مطلعا ومتفهما لضيع علينا قراءة هذه الرواية الخارقة! لا أعرف ماذا أقول هنا الحقيقة ولكن هذه الرواية عالم خيالي لكنه ليس بعيد عن الواقع أنها واقعية جدا بكل شخوصها المجنونة وعثراتهم وتقلباتهم ماركيز يلجأ أحيانا إلى لعبة الخيال لكي يقضي على شخصية انتهى دورها مثل تلك التي طارت بجسدها وروحها إلى السماء أو لعلاج فكرة ما , كوجود الأطباء الغير مرئيين الذين كانت تتراسل معهم أورسولا وفريناندا , كما تذكرت وأنا أقرأ المشهد الأخير وظهور ذنب الخنزير المرتبط بالخطيئة بتلك القصة الكارتونية ماجد لعبة خشبية الذي كان حين يلجأ إلى الكذب يستطيل أنفه يذكر أن ماركيز من الكتاب الذين تتقاطع فيه روايتهم وهذا شأن الكثير من الكتاب الكبار فهناك باموق وساباتو وجدت تشابها في أحداث شركة الموز مع أحداث عاصفة الأوراق أول رواية كتبها ماركيز كذلك هناك روايات أخرى للأسف لم أطلع عليها ولكن هناك دائما رابط ما وصفت إحدى الصديقات هذه الرواية بأنها العالم وبعد قراءة الرواية قلت أيضا هذه الرواية هي العالم أنها أدق تشبيه ممكن أن يقال عن أحداثها عالم متشابك متناقض بسيط ومعقد سعادة وألم موت وحياة قصة المذبحة ومن قبلها حرب التصفية كلها إشارات سياسية واضحة كما كانت تلك الإشارات تومض عندما سأل أوريليانو صديقه عن سبب خوضه للحرب !غرقت معهم في الطوفان وفي اكتشافات أورسولا وتوقفت عند هذه العبارة حين وجدت ما فقدته فرناندا اكتشفت أن كل فرد في العائلة يكرر كل يوم دون وعي منه التنقلات نفسها والتصرفات نفسها بل ويكررون تقريبا الكلمات نفسها في الموعد نفسه وعندما يخرجون عن هذا الروتين الدقيق فقط يتعرضون للمجازفة بفقدان شيء ما !وهذا حقيقي جدا إننا نكرر ما نفعله كل يوم وعندما نخرج من روتيننا المعتاد نضيع !أما عن تشبيهات ماركيز فالحقيقة أنه لم تمر علي تشبيهات بهذاالجمال والدقة وحسن التعبير ورقة الإحساس حين يقول كان نحيلا وقورا حزينا كمسلم في أوربا أو كان يمضي مع التيار بلا حب أو طموح كنجم تائه في مجموعة أورسولا الشمسية هل قرأتم تشبيهات بهذا العمق !وما يثير ضحكي جدا هو مجموعة الأطباء الغير المرئيين لقد أبحر ماركيز في خيالاته السحرية في هذه الرواية إلى كل الإتجاهات تركني ألاحق خيالاته ياه كم سأفتقد أجواء هذه الرواية سأفتقد جرعات الجنون المركزة داء الأرق الطوفان شجرة الكستناء الأطباء الغير المرئيين السمكات الذهبية حفلات العربدة والولائم الصاخبة حتى النمل والعث لم أتمنى أن تنتهي تلك الأسرة ولا تلك النهاية ودار في رأسي كل خيالات ماركيز في القرية وكل أرويليانووكل خوسي أركاديو لقد رحلوا جميعا ويجب أن أعود إلى الواقع أخيرا !

Chris

Revised 28 March 2012Huh? Oh. Oh, man. Wow.I just had the weirdest dream.There was this little town, right? And everybody had, like, the same two names. And there was this guy who lived under a tree and a lady who ate dirt and some other guy who just made little gold fishes all the time. And sometimes it rained and sometimes it didn’t, and… and there were fire ants everywhere, and some girl got carried off into the sky by her laundry…Wow. That was messed up.I need some coffee.The was roughly how I felt after reading this book. This is really the only time I’ve ever read a book and thought, “You know, this book would be awesome if I were stoned.” And I don’t even know if being stoned works on books that way.Gabriel Garcia Marquez (which is such a fun name to say) is one of those Writers You Should Read. You know the type – they’re the ones that everyone claims to have read, but no one really has. The ones you put in your online dating profile so that people will think you’re smarter than you really are. You get some kind of intellectual bonus points or something, the kind of highbrow cachet that you just don’t get from reading someone like Stephen King or Clive Barker.Marquez was one of the first writers to use “magical realism,” a style of fantasy wherein the fantastic and the unbelievable are treated as everyday occurrences. While I’m sure it contributed to the modern genre of urban fantasy – which also mixes the fantastic with the real – magical realism doesn’t really go out of its way to point out the weirdness and the bizarrity. These things just happen. A girl floats off into the sky, a man lives far longer than he should, and these things are mentioned in passing as though they were perfectly normal.In this case, Colonel Aureliano Buendia has seventeen illegitimate sons, all named Aureliano, by seventeen different women, and they all come to his house on the same day. Remedios the Beauty is a girl so beautiful that men just waste away in front of her, but she doesn’t even notice. The twins Aureliano Segundo and Jose Arcadio Segundo may have, in fact, switched identities when they were children, but no one knows for sure – not even them. In the small town of Macondo, weird things happen all the time, and nobody really notices. Or if they do notice that, for example, the town’s patriarch has been living for the last twenty years tied to a chestnut tree, nobody thinks anything is at all unusual about it.This, of course, is a great example of Dream Logic – the weird seems normal to a dreamer, and you have no reason to question anything that’s happening around you. Or if you do notice that something is wrong, but no one else seems to be worried about it, then you try to pretend like coming to work dressed only in a pair of spangly stripper briefs and a cowboy hat is perfectly normal.Another element of dreaminess that pervades this book is that there’s really no story here, at least not in the way that we have come to expect. Reading this book is kind of like a really weird game of The Sims - it’s about a family that keeps getting bigger and bigger, and something happens to everybody. So, the narrator moves around from one character to another, giving them their moment for a little while, and then it moves on to someone else, very smoothly and without much fanfare. There’s very little dialogue, so the story can shift very easily, and it often does.Each character has their story to tell, but you’re not allowed to linger for very long on any one of them before Garcia shows you what’s happening to someone else. The result is one long, continuous narrative about this large and ultimately doomed family, wherein the Buendia family itself is the main character, and the actual family members are secondary to that.It was certainly an interesting reading experience, but it took a while to get through. I actually kept falling asleep as I read it, which is unusual for me. But perhaps that’s what Garcia would have wanted to happen. By reading his book, I slipped off into that non-world of dreams and illusions, where the fantastic is commonplace and ice is something your father takes you to discover.------“[Arcadio] imposed obligatory military service for men over eighteen, declared to be public property any animals walking the streets after six in the evening, and made men who were overage wear red armbands. He sequestered Father Nicanor in the parish house under pain of execution and prohibited him from saying mass or ringing the bells unless it was for a Liberal victory. In order that no one would doubt the severity of his aims, he ordered a firing squad organized in the square and had it shoot a scarecrow. At first no one took him seriously.”

Brian

One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez is a tremendous piece of literature. It's not an easy read. You're not going to turn its pages like you would the latest John Grisham novel, or The DaVinci Code. You have to read each page, soaking up every word, immersing yourself in the imagery. Mr. Marquez says that he tells the story as his grandmother used to tell stories to him: with a brick face. That's useful to remember while reading, because that is certainly the tone the book takes. If you can get through the first 50 pages, you will enjoy it. But those 50 are a doozy. It's hard to keep track of the characters, at times (mainly because they are all named Jose Arcadio or Aureliano), but a family tree at the beginning of my edition was helpful. The book follows the Buendia family, from the founding of fictional Macondo to a fitting and fulfilling conclusion. The family goes through wars, marriages, many births and deaths, as well as several technological advances and invasions by gypsies and banana companies (trust me, the banana company is important). You begin to realize, as matriarch Ursula does, that as time passes, time does not really pass for this family, but turns in a circle. And as the circle closes on Macondo and the Buendias, you realize that Mr. Marquez has taken you on a remarkable journey in his literature. Recommended, but be prepared for a hard read.

Philip

I imagine these people looking and saying, "Yes, but what does it mean?" As literary critics everywhere cringe or roll over in their clichéd graves I approach this text and review the same way. One Hundred Years of Solitude... beautiful, intriguing... but what does it mean? And does it have to mean anything?Oscar Wilde: "All art is at once surface and symbol. Those who go beneath the surface do so at their peril. Those who read the symbol do so at their peril." And what about those who skip across the surface, like a stone? Able only to make so many hops before sinking, blinded by the mud, disoriented by the current to the bottom? What are we?This was (is) a beautiful book. Like Guernica. Like Dali.It's religious, and political, and sexual. ... and confusing. And as long as I haven't over-used it already - beautiful.It's the literary Big Fish and I'm sure people will and have debated what it means, and authorial intent and it won the Nobel Prize for crying out loud, but maybe it's to display on a prominent house wall and be debated.It's easy to get a handle on the broad and general themes - history is cyclical - not progressive, progress is a myth (and "progress" is evil), go after love, be careful not to let memories or nostalgia bow you down, seek knowledge, the world is mysterious and doesn't always make sense, don't be intimidated of anybody - especially of your past self or selves.Beyond that it's just conjecture.The story begins with Jose Arcadio Buendia -the patriarch - and the founding of Macondo. It follows the lineage of his descendants - many living mythically long lives and bringing in enchanted aspects. The dead live, return from the future, invent and disappear - but not in a machine of the gods way - it's more dream-like.The lineage frustrated me. In order to illustrate his point on the circular view of history, there were 4 Joses, 22 Aurelianos, 5 Arcadios, a couple Ursulas and Remedioses to boot. And Pilar Ternera found herself grandmother or great grandmother to far too many kids. Even with the family tree in the front of the book, it was difficult to tell which Arcadio or Jose or Aureliano was which - especially given the fact that so many of the characters lived past 100. (Or even past 145.)The book was intriguing. I loved the tidbits that came back into play throughout the book - the ash on the heads of the Aurelianos, Melquiades stopping by for a chat - that's what made it for me.Like I said, I don't think this was a book to "get." But if you do "get it," don't cliff note it to me. I like it the way it is in my mind.

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