The Passion and the Fashion: Football Fandom in the New Europe
About this book
The culture of the soccer terrace is changing. Commentators are now as likely to refer to the carnival or party atmosphere at football matches as violence and disorder. This does not mean that football hooliganism - as the media labelled it for the last 30 years - has somehow disappeared. It is manifestly on the rise in countries such as Italy and Holland, and especially in Germany where it has ugly associations with the neo-Nazi right; it may be marginalized in countries like Scotland, and more lately England, but public disorder around professional football has deep historical roots in such heavily masculinized national cultures. Nevertheless, the football crowd - and moreover, football fandom in general - is undergoing significant change which reflect wider shifts in gender, popular culture, modernity and post-modernity.