Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life: Introductory Readings in Ethics

ISBN: 0495130060
ISBN 13: 9780495130062
By: Christina Sommers Fred Sommers

Check Price Now

Genres

Adult Non Fiction Alice Currently Reading For Sale And Giveaway Library My Bookshelf Non Fiction Office Philosophy To Read

About this book

SummaryVICE AND VIRTUE IN EVERYDAY LIFE provides students with a lively selection of classical and contemporary readings on pressing matters of personal and social morality. The text includes an overview of seminal ethical theories, as well as a unique set of stimulating articles on matters of social responsibility, personal integrity and individual virtue. While the readings consistently represent different points of view, the book maintains a strong sense of the importance of avoiding cruelty and practicing kindness in a well-lived life.Preface vAcknowledgments viTable of Contents viiIntroduction 1Good and Evil 5 Philip Hallie / From Cruelty to Goodness 9 Jonathan Bennett / The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn 25 Philip Hallie / The Evil That Men Think---And Do 40 Martin Gansberg / Thirty-eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call Police 51 Jostah Royce / The Moral Insight 55 Herman Melville / Billy Budd 59 Friedrich Nietzsche / Beyond Good and Evil 71 Suggested Readings 77Moral Doctrines and Moral Theories 79 The Judeo-Christian Tradition 84 Jeremy Bentham / The Principle of unity 91 J.J.C. Smart / Utilitarianism 99 Bernard Williams / A Critique of Utilitarianism 113 Immanuel Kant / Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative 123 James Rachels / Kant and the Categorical Imperative 134 Ruth Benedict / A Defense of Cultural Relativism 148 John Hospers / The Problem with Relaticvism 157 Mary Midgley / Trying Out One's New Sword 162 The United Nations Charter: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights 167 Suggested Readings 176Virtue 193 Aristotle / The Moral Virtues 181 Saint Augustine / Of the Morals of the Catholic Church 192 Bernard Mayo / Virtue or Duty? 197 Alasdair MacIntyre / Tradition and the Virtues 203 Philippa Foot / Virtues and Vices 216 Robert C. Roberts / Will Power and the Virtues 232 James D. Wallace / Generosity 254 Stanley Godlovitch / On Wisdom 262 Richard Taylor / The Virtue of Pride 284 Thomas E. Hill, Jr. / Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments 293 Suggested Readings 311Vice 313 Plutarch / Vice 317 Saint Augustine / The Depths of Vice 320 Peter Abelard / Desire and Sin 325 Dante Alighieri / The Hypocrites 334 Samuel Johnson / Self-Deception 339 Bishop Butler / Upon Self-Deceit 343 Immanuel Kant / Jealousy, Envy, and Spite 350 Alexander Theroux / Revenge 359 Charles Fried / The Evil of Lying 370 Suggested Readings 311Why Be Moral? 382 Plato / The Ring of Gyges 385 Harry Browne / The Unselfishness Trap 391 James Rachels / Egoism and Moral Skepticism 398 Fyodor Dostoyevski / Why Not Murder? 411 Peter Singer / Why Act Morally? 436 Susan Wolf / Moral Saints 444 Robert M. Adams / Saints 463 George Orwell / Reflections on Ghandi 475 Suggested Readings 485Moral Education 486 Aristotle / Habit and Virtue 489 Lawrence Kohlberg / The Child as a Moral Philosopher 497 George Sher and William J. Bennett / Moral Education and Indoctrination 522 Carol Gilligan / In a Different Voice 538 Ronald Duska / Literature and Moral Education 553 Allan Bloom / The Closing of the American Mind 566 Christina Sommers / Where Have All the Good Deeds Gone? 577 Vice Admiral James Bond Stockdale, USN / The World of Epictetus 582 Suggested Readings 597Character, Dignity, and Self-Respect 599 Immanuel Kant / Dignity and Self-respect 602 Anthony Quinton / Character and Culture 612 Robert Coles / On the Nature of Character: Field Notes 623 Christopher Lasch / The New Narcissism 643 Joan Didion / On Self-respect 653 Thomas E. Hill, Jr. / Servility and Self-respect 658 Suggested Readings 671Morality and the Family 673 Lin Yutang / On Growing Old Gracefully 675 Jane English / What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents? 682 Norman Lamm / Traditional Jewish Family Values 690 Rebecca West / Divorce 701 Richard Wasserstrom / Sex Roles and the Ideal Society 707 Joyce Trebilcot / Two Forms of Androgynism 718 Christina Sommers / Philosophers Against the Family 728 Suggested Readings 753Morality and Society 755 Peter Singer / Famine, Affluence, and Morality 758 John Arthur / World Hunger and Moral Obligation: The Case Against Singer 769 Garrett Hardin / Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor 777 William Murdoch and Allan Oaten / Population and Food: Metaphors and the Reality 790 Douglas MacLean / Moral Constraints on Foreign Policy 801 Jeane Kirkpatrick / Dictatorships and Double Standards 814 Jean-Francois Revel / Why Democracies Fail 832 Michael Walzer / Totalitarianism vs. Authoritarianism 842 Suggested Readings 849

Reader's Thoughts

Ashley

I had to read this for my last class, and it was actually really good. It's just a collection of essays.

Talbot Hook

Philosophy should be mandatory in college, as an orientation to higher thinking. This book is a lovely guide to the field of ethics.

Shannon

So learning about ethical theory isn't my thing. That's what I learned from this book.

Patrick

Textbook, No Comment.

Robert

This was the textbook for my ethics class as an undergraduate. Dr. White taught the course. This was the only course I had with him in my career. As I recall, this was the only class I had on Tuesdays and Thursdays, so as soon as the class was over on Thursday (~10 a.m.), I took off for the weekend.Anyhow, we delved into many of the controversial issues of the day. I recall the class being much better than I expected.

Rays1944

Used/read as a textbook, this is one of the best, most thoughtful and thought-provoking published works I've ever encountered on the practicalities of moral choices and a moral life.

Share your thoughts

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *